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报道称伟创力曾扣留华为价值7亿元的物料和设备

????▲图片来自网络他们,私自扣下7亿多元的华为物资,拒不归还此前,国内一些媒体曾经报道说,在华为公司于5月16日被美国商务部列入一个名为“实体清单”的“黑名单”后,总部在美国的全球知名代工厂“伟创力”便第一时间停止了与华为的一切合作,与华为现有的订单也都一并被中止了。之后,有媒体称华为公司曾一度派出近百辆货车前往伟创力位于珠海的工厂,从那里拉回了自己的设备和物料。随后华为还将对自己翻脸的伟创力公司剔除了自己的供应链。事情仿佛到此结束了。然而,多位了解华为和伟创力之间冲突的知情人士告诉耿直哥,两家公司间的冲突远没有目前媒体报道的这么简单。这些知情人士表示,此事的实际情况是,伟创力方面过度解读了美国政府的出口管制法律法规,并以此为由【私自扣押】了中国华为公司高达7亿人民币的货物多达1个多月之久。期间,伟创力不仅拒绝归还这些物权属于华为公司的物料和设备,还百般“刁难”华为,给华为公司造成了严重的损失,令华为内部对伟创力这种“落井下石”的行为极度气愤。根据这些知情人士的透露,伟创力是全球仅次于富士康的大型代工企业,总部设在新加坡和美国的加州,在此次事件之前与华为公司的合作已有数年之久,双方的关系一直都还不错,合作也很顺畅,是华为的代工合作伙伴里合作水平排在前5的企业。美国彭博新闻社的数据也显示,2018财年第三季度伟创力大约从华为获得了约24亿人民币的收入,是华为的美国供应商中获利最多的企业。伟创力从华为获得的收入约占其总营收的5%。可自从华为公司于今年5月16日被美国商务部工业与安全局(BIS)列入了被限制获得美国技术和产品的“实体清单”后,这家华为公司多年的合作伙伴便当即就停止了与华为公司在全球范围内的一切合作,包括伟创力在中国以及欧洲等地给华为进行的代工业务。由于华为与伟创力代工模式是“送料加工”模式,即华为公司购买需要加工的设备和物料,再将这些自己的设备和物料交给伟创力加工,所以在伟创力宣布停止一切与华为的合作后,华为公司的生产交付受到很大的影响,为了继续能正常履行客户的合同,华为公司不得不决定把剩下的物料以及之前放在伟创力工厂进行生产配套的自家设备,都从这家美国代工厂那里运出来。其中伟创力在珠海的工厂有大约4亿人民币左右的华为物料和设备,海外的工厂还有大概3亿元。相关知情人士称,这些总计7亿多元的物料和设备是属于华为网络设备部门的,手机终端部门那里还有更多的物料在伟创力的工厂。▲图片来自网络冲突也恰恰发生在了这里。据这些知情人士讲述,当华为公司于5月17日晚派出了数十辆货车前往伟创力的珠海工厂,准备将那4亿多人民币的华为物料和设备运出来的时候,伟创力的珠海工厂突然接到了来自其公司高管的指令,称根据美国出口管制的相关法律法规,伟创力不能将这些华为拥有物权的设备和物料放行。这一举动也当场惊呆了所有在场华为的人员。结果,当晚被人排到的那个华为的货车车队,只能“空手而归”。相关知情人士透露,华为内部对此事也十分震惊和错愕。毕竟在被美国拉入黑名单后,华为的其他代工厂都没有出现伟创力这种情况,同时伟创力还是与华为合作多年的熟人,其翻脸比翻书还快的态度令华为方面着实难以理解。当然,最令人愤怒的还是,伟创力居然在中国的领土上“堂而皇之”地以美国法律为由扣下了华为的物料和设备。相关知情人士透露,华为的相关管理人员认为伟创力此举过度解读美国法律,并且不仅涉嫌违反了中国的法律,更是在侵犯中国的司法主权。▲截图为伟创力官网他们,在中国的领土上,不断用美国政府的法律法规刁难华为不过,华为方面当时并未声张此事,而想是尽快与伟创力通过谈判协商解决问题,以免被此事耽误了给客户的订单交付,给客户和自己都造成损失。可根据相关知情人士透露,在双方进行的多达10多轮的谈判中,伟创力又屡屡过度解读美国法律,刁难华为,并持续拒绝归还在中国珠海工厂扣下的4亿多人民币的华为物资,甚至还多次出现双方一度协商好的解决方案,伟创力却转天“变卦”的情况。该知情人士透露,对伟创力这种“出尔反尔”的态度“忍无可忍”的华为公司,给伟创力方面发去了措辞强硬的律师函,指出伟创力方面的行为性质严重并且超出了正常合同纠纷的范畴,并要求伟创力必须归还华为拥有全部物权的物料和设备,否则将要求伟创力承担一切损失。伟创力方面随后也给华为回复了一份律师函。根据相关知情人士的说法,伟创力竟然在这份律师函中公然宣称,根据美国的出口管制法律,伟创力有法律义务去审查华为享有所有权的物料和设备。这已经俨然一副要在中国的领土上扮演美国政府“执法者”的姿态。伟创力还以不可抗力为由拒绝对赔偿华为。华为随后则两次发函给伟创力重申:在中国法律的规定下,华为拥有对华为提供给伟创力的物料和设备的合法所有权,华为有权对享有所有权的物料和设备进行处置。在伟创力的这般刁难下,华为这7个亿物料和设备就这样被持续扣押了一个多月,导致华为方面损失巨大,甚至不得不额外掏钱去重新购买设备和物料交给客户。直到今年6月中旬,伟创力方面才终于同意将华为的物料和设备陆续归还,但开出的条件是将这些设备和物料转运给一个不属于美国“实体清单”所列华为及其68个关联企业的“第三方”,而且这一切的费用还得华为自掏腰包。专家称伟创力已涉嫌违法,中国“不可靠实体”又多一人选?最后,相关知情人士透露,华为方面认为伟创力在此事中不仅过度解读了美国的实体清单相关法律法规政策,还涉嫌违反了中国的法律:伟创力跟华为在中国国内签约的主体是在中国珠海登记的“伟创力制造(珠海)有限公司”,所以伟创力的珠海工厂理应遵守中国法律,不该以美国法律作挡箭牌私自扣押华为的物资。但截至目前,华为方面尚未就知情人士透露的这些与伟创力的纠纷内情作出回应。伟创力方面也尚未回复耿直哥通过其官网发去的邮件。中国政法大学国际法学教授霍政欣在接受耿直哥采访时表示,虽然伟创力作为一家美国企业去执行美国的法律法规政策这一点无需评价,其行为是否违反国际法或是其他国家的法律也要具体情况具体分析,但其在中国珠海注册的独资子公司“伟创力制造(珠海)有限公司”和工厂,国籍是中国,所在地在中国,需要遵从中国的属地管辖,不得逾越。霍教授指出,美国政府可以要求美国企业遵守美国的法律,但在中国的境内,美国国内的行政法律法规是没有效力的,即“公法无域外效力”。因此,霍教授认为,如果与华为签约的是伟创力在珠海的这家公司,那么其用美国的国内法律去扣押华为公司的物资,至少是违反了中国法律的属地管辖,并存在违约的问题。霍教授还在采访中提到了目前中国商务部正在准备推出的“不可靠实体清单”一事,称那些在中国境内、无视中国的属地管辖、去执行美国国内法的企业,也是目前正在研究要制裁的一个对象。最后值得一提的是,华为公司此前也与美国的联邦快递有过类似的纠纷,其多个包裹曾被这家美国快递公司擅自转运到了美国进行审查。但在遭到舆论的强烈质疑后,联邦快递很快发表抨击起了美国商务部,称其对于华为的制裁政策太过模糊宽泛,迫使联邦快递这家普通快递公司当起了美国商务部的“执法机构”。联邦快递还因此起诉了美国商务部。美国商务部则表示是联邦快递过度解读了商务部的法律法规。

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zheng fu" zhi fa zhe" de zi tai. wei chuang li hai yi bu ke kang li wei you ju jue dui pei chang hua wei. hua wei sui hou ze liang ci fa han gei wei chuang li chong shen: zai zhong guo fa lv de gui ding xia, hua wei yong you dui hua wei ti gong ji wei chuang li de wu liao he she bei de he fa suo you quan, hua wei you quan dui xiang you suo you quan de wu liao he she bei jin xing chu zhi. zai wei chuang li de zhe ban diao nan xia, hua wei zhe 7 ge yi wu liao he she bei jiu zhe yang bei chi xu kou ya le yi ge duo yue, dao zhi hua wei fang mian sun shi ju da, shen zhi bu de bu e wai tao qian qu chong xin gou mai she bei he wu liao jiao gei ke hu. zhi dao jin nian 6 yue zhong xun, wei chuang li fang mian cai zhong yu tong yi jiang hua wei de wu liao he she bei lu xu gui huan, dan kai chu de tiao jian shi jiang zhei xie she bei he wu liao zhuan yun gei yi ge bu shu yu mei guo" shi ti qing dan" suo lie hua wei ji qi 68 ge guan lian qi ye de" di san fang", er qie zhe yi qie de fei yong hai de hua wei zi tao yao bao. zhuan jia cheng wei chuang li yi she xian wei fa, zhong guo" bu ke kao shi ti" you duo yi ren xuan? zui hou, xiang guan zhi qing ren shi tou lu, hua wei fang mian ren wei wei chuang li zai ci shi zhong bu jin guo du jie du le mei guo de shi ti qing dan xiang guan fa lv fa gui zheng ce, hai she xian wei fan le zhong guo de fa lv: wei chuang li gen hua wei zai zhong guo guo nei qian yue de zhu ti shi zai zhong guo zhu hai deng ji de" wei chuang li zhi zao zhu hai you xian gong si", suo yi wei chuang li de zhu hai gong chang li ying zun shou zhong guo fa lv, bu gai yi mei guo fa lv zuo dang jian pai si zi kou ya hua wei de wu zi. dan jie zhi mu qian, hua wei fang mian shang wei jiu zhi qing ren shi tou lu de zhei xie yu wei chuang li de jiu fen nei qing zuo chu hui ying. wei chuang li fang mian ye shang wei hui fu geng zhi ge tong guo qi guan wang fa qu de you jian. zhong guo zheng fa da xue guo ji fa xue jiao shou huo zheng xin zai jie shou geng zhi ge cai fang shi biao shi, sui ran wei chuang li zuo wei yi jia mei guo qi ye qu zhi xing mei guo de fa lv fa gui zheng ce zhe yi dian wu xu ping jia, qi xing wei shi fou wei fan guo ji fa huo shi qi ta guo jia de fa lv ye yao ju ti qing kuang ju ti fen xi, dan qi zai zhong guo zhu hai zhu ce de du zi zi gong si" wei chuang li zhi zao zhu hai you xian gong si" he gong chang, guo ji shi zhong guo, suo zai di zai zhong guo, xu yao zun cong zhong guo de shu di guan xia, bu de yu yue. huo jiao shou zhi chu, mei guo zheng fu ke yi yao qiu mei guo qi ye zun shou mei guo de fa lv, dan zai zhong guo de jing nei, mei guo guo nei de xing zheng fa lv fa gui shi mei you xiao li de, ji" gong fa wu yu wai xiao li". yin ci, huo jiao shou ren wei, ru guo yu hua wei qian yue de shi wei chuang li zai zhu hai de zhe jia gong si, na me qi yong mei guo de guo nei fa lv qu kou ya hua wei gong si de wu zi, zhi shao shi wei fan le zhong guo fa lv de shu di guan xia, bing cun zai wei yue de wen ti. huo jiao shou hai zai cai fang zhong ti dao le mu qian zhong guo shang wu bu zheng zai zhun bei tui chu de" bu ke kao shi ti qing dan" yi shi, cheng nei xie zai zhong guo jing nei wu shi zhong guo de shu di guan xia qu zhi xing mei guo guo nei fa de qi ye, ye shi mu qian zheng zai yan jiu yao zhi cai de yi ge dui xiang. zui hou zhi de yi ti de shi, hua wei gong si ci qian ye yu mei guo de lian bang kuai di you guo lei si de jiu fen, qi duo ge bao guo ceng bei zhe jia mei guo kuai di gong si shan zi zhuan yun dao le mei guo jin xing shen zha. dan zai zao dao yu lun de qiang lie zhi yi hou, lian bang kuai di hen kuai fa biao peng ji qi le mei guo shang wu bu, cheng qi dui yu hua wei de zhi cai zheng ce tai guo mo hu kuan fan, po shi lian bang kuai di zhe jia pu tong kuai di gong si dang qi le mei guo shang wu bu de" zhi fa ji gou". lian bang kuai di hai yin ci qi su le mei guo shang wu bu. mei guo shang wu bu ze biao shi shi lian bang kuai di guo du jie du le shang wu bu de fa lv fa gui.

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